Photographer: Fannon, Carolyn
Photo Credit:
Photographer: Fannon, Carolyn

Eastern Hop-hornbeam

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Ostrya virginiana

Also known as Ironwood, it is one of the hardest and toughest of the native woods. It is used for fence posts, fuel, and tool handles. This tree is used in landscaping, particularly along boulevards. Its appeal is that it retains its coppery-tan leaves well into or through winter. It provides winter food for ring-necked pheasants, rabbits, grouse, turkeys, deer, squirrels, an several songbirds.  

Current Sale Size: 18-24" bare-root transplant. 

Growth Rate: Slow

Soils: Sand, Loam

Moisture: Moist, Dry

Shade Tolerance: Full Sun to Shade

Mature Height: 20-50 ft.

Mature Spread: 15-30 ft.

Origin: Native

Deer Damage Potential: Medium

Will not tolerate flooding. Notoriously sensitive to salt.

Hardiness zone: 5-9

Uses: Ornamental, birds, wildlife

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